You can use super simple macro lighting techniques whenever you can and still get some interesting close-ups. Use a single light source and place a large white reflector of any kind as close as you can to your subject. It's that simple.
Okay, I know what you're thinking. What's the big deal about this macro lighting setup? That's the point. It is no big deal. It's a simple technique that you can do and get great results without getting complicated.
I shot this short video to show you the exact lighting I used for the indoor macro photography setup.
This close-up photo of the popped popcorn kernel below was shot without any electrical lights turned on or flash units employed. It was done with light streaming in through a small window, directly to the left of my subject and about 4 feet higher than the popcorn.
This was one of my favorite images, cropped down from the original to show about half of the entire kernel of popcorn. If you think it's pretty cool, please share it someone.
I've seen some very complicated macro photography lighting setups that involve two or three flash units. Why get so complicated? You'll get a more natural looking close-up if you use 1 main light and 1 fill light.
There are some very handy Macro photography light boxes but they aren't necessary for all of the close-up photos you take. Macro lighting boxes are used all the time by people who are selling products on websites like ebay and etsy.
Don't get me wrong on this, they are an easy and convenient way to get attractive lighting and we all like easy.
They give generally good lighting and are a safe way to go in many macro photographic situations. They're also very affordable to buy and some of them are foldable or collapsible which is great benefit for you when you want to store them away efficiently.
Certain subjects with highly reflective surfaces like jewelry or silverware are great to photograph with macro light boxes because all of the sides of the light boxes become broad non-glaring light sources.
For both the popcorn photos above and below I used an affordable macro lens combination of extension tubes and a prime 85mm lens. I used the mirror lock-up function to prevent any camera shake during the long exposures ranging from 1/4 second to a few full seconds, depending on the f-stop I chose.
The only light modification I did was to lean a small piece of white Foamcore against a small tripod right up against the popcorn bowl. (Watch the video)
This fills in the shadows and reduces the light ratio to a good level. White objects can be tricky to photograph. In photography school one of the most challenging assignments in the first year photography class was to photograph cottage cheese. OMG, that was real tough!
This final photo was shot the day before using was somewhat simple lighting set-up. I only used one light, a 250 watt utility light. I aimed it's broad spread of bright light at the ceiling and a very large sheet of foamcore that was just to the left to light this macro photo of the red rose.
I "cheated" a bit and used a spray bottle with water to create the water drops on the petals.
If you can use super simple macro lighting whenever possible, it makes concentrating on your composition much easier and also makes for a more enjoyable photo shoot.