So you're interested in macro photography equipment, but you don't know where to start.
Here's the deal. It's a great time to be interested in digital photography, and even better time to want to shoot some macro photos with the latest gear. That goes for macro photographer beginners and advanced macro shooters.
You have a lot of options when it comes to macro equipment, but you don't need to spend a lot on equipment to get great close-ups. This article will help you get started by keeping it simple.
Technology has given us great options and you can get fully involved in taking some great macro photography without having to understand the technical side of things.
You only need 3 basic pieces of macro photography equipment to get started.
|1. TRIPOD||A tripod will help you with getting sharp photos and good composition. Required, unless you're shooting under very bright conditions to enable using both a fast shutter speed and a small lens aperture.|
|2. MACRO LENS||To get decent macro magnification a macro lens is needed. Alternatively, you can use extension tubes with a regular lens to focus at a much closer focusing distance.|
|3. LIGHTING||Gear that adds or modifies the light on your subject is a must have for good macro photography. You can shoot macro in direct sunlight or use direct flash but the photos usually come out with too much contrast.|
The easiest way for you to dive into getting the macro photography you need is to stick with the basics. You have other options of course, but if you want to keep it simple, these are the 3 pieces of macro photography that will give you the most chance for success.
You can certainly play around with close-up photography without using any of these gadgets, but you're more likely to avoid the common mistakes that beginning macro photographers make.
A macro lens will insure you'll get up close and focused on your subject. A tripod will give you images free of motion blur and help with focusing. A macro flash will make it so much easier to get the correct exposure and achieve good depth of field.
The first piece of macro photography gear that comes to mind is the standard macro lens. Well, guess what. I've taken dozens of really stunning macro images without using a macro lens. We'll get to that in a minute. This article covers the lesser-known lens set-ups and related macro accessories. For more popular types of macro gear, read this post on accessories for macro photography.
There are also many dirt cheap macro photography equipment choices available to you that can get several macro "toys" and take your macro photography to a whole new level. Some accessories are more affordable than others. Some are super simple and some are super complex. Okay, enough of the introduction. Let's dive in.
You only need to look at what lenses are compatible with your camera and then simple choose the right focal length. Generally, beginner macro lenses that are around 60mm in length are great lenses to start with. Starter lenses will perform admirably, and are very affordable. Often your working distance to the subject is less than 6 inches.
Longer lenses, with focal lengths of 80 to 105mm, are the choice for more advanced macro photographers. Longer lenses give you a farther working distance. This is valuable if your shooting insects or objects that you can't quite get real close to. Usually your working distance from the front of the lens is about 1 or 2 feet with lenses this size. These are the most popular option for serious macro photography.
180-200mm macro lenses have more glass and are heavier and pricier. They give you a superior working distance of several feet. Additionally, with longer lenses you will have plenty space to use larger lighting gear without interfering with the light. You can also save money on a lens by looking at alternatives.
Almost any tripod can be adequate for your macro photography. Tripods that can position your camera at ground level are more versatile and better suited for shooting insects, flowers, and other vegetation that lucks down low.
Tripod heads with long handles are better for shooting macro than tripods with ball heads. Camera position adjustment is magnified because of the close working distances you're dealing with in macro photography. You can make the smallest camera position adjustments needed with macro work much easier. It all depends on the type of macro photography subjects you're shooting.
Generally, you don't need a particularly tall tripod to shoot macro photos. It's better to look for tripods that have variable angle legs or an adjustable angle center post to give you versatility with your shooting angles.
Here's more on tripods for macro photography.
The big advantage of using flash lighting for macro photography is lightning-quick exposures prevent motion blur and the brightness gives you the ability to use a smaller aperture and get better depth of field which is critical in close-up photography.
I use natural macro lighting whenever possible, but due to the challenges associated with this kid of photography, electronic flash is very convenient and used by many macro photographers.
You can soften the harsh shadows by using a diffusing material of any kind in front of your flashes or by bouncing them off of a larger surface to scatter the light.
Ring flash is perhaps best known for use with scientific and medical photography where shadow-less lighting is desired.
It provides very even illumination for macro photography. You can often easily tell it has been used by looking at the highlights or reflections in a macro photo when a ring flash or O-flash was used.
The idea behind the O-flash is that it is not a complete circle of light so it will give you a little bit of desired shadowing.
It does not provide a 360 degree circle of light, so may get a little bit of the feel of a directional light, depending on the size and the closeness of your subject.
There are additional ways to modify your macro photography lighting and I discussed them in this article: macro lighting equipment.
Now, you've got an idea on the 3 basic pieces of macro photography gear. Here's an alternative choice for getting a dedicated macro lens. Shockingly, I've never purchased an expensive macro photography lens. I get great image quality, enjoy the versatility, appreciate the durability and absolutely loved the price of macro photography extension tubes.
Extension tubes are the piece of equipment I recommend more than any other for newbie macro photographers. Although they have no optical elements in them, they attach in between your camera and the lens you already have.
Think of them as a spacer that increases the distance between your lens and your camera sensor. They decrease the minimum focusing distance for m your lens to your subject. I use my extension tubes with an 85mm prime (non-zooming) lens for super sharp results.
The accessory I use most (Not counting my tripod, of course) for shooting macro photos is a photographer's clamp made by Wimberley.
It's called the Wimberley Plamp II. It's kind of weird looking, , but it was designed for function, not looks. It's really like having a third hand available to assist you.
You can use it to precisely hold your subject in place, hold a reflection or diffusing panel and improve your lighting, or even use it to hold an off-camera flash. You can read more on this unique piece of macro gear on this separate review of the the Wimberley Plamp II.
A reversing ring, also known as a reversing adapter, is a very affordable piece of equipment that allows you to use your one regular lens by mounting it to your camera in a reverse manner. It's a bit on the gimmicky side, but us camera geeks do these kind of things.
It enables you to attach the front of your lens to your camera body. That gives you a nice magnification factor of your subject. The downside of using a set-up like this is that you are forced to use manual focusing and manual aperture control.
For my money, they are too limited in function. It makes more sense to go ahead and spend money on a true macro lens.
The reversing ring is not a horrible place to start if you already have a camera with interchangeable lenses and you're on a super strict budget. Remember your regular lens was not designed to be a piece of macro photography equipment, so the optics won't be perfect. It is still an option to use to dabble in macro photography if you already have this equipment.
Known as extreme macro photography, macro photography using a bellows give you the ultimate flexibility in terms of controlling the amount of magnification you wish to achieve with your macro photography. Bellows work in the same way as extension tubes, but at a much higher level.
With extension tubes, you must change the number of tubes you attach to change the magnification. Using bellows as your macro photography equipment gives you a continuous range of magnification possibilities without changing lenses or tubes.
Extreme magnification is possible with a bellows arrangement. Extremely narrow depth of field and longer exposure times come along with that extreme magnification. One drawback to using a bellows is its size and weight, making a little less agile to work with while photographing tiny objects, especially out in the field.
If the object of your macro photo is stationary, bellows are a great option to get super close-ups.
I saved the most important macro equipment recommendation to emphasis again for last. You can use a variety of different cameras, lenses, and accessories to take good close-up photos.
You can find favorable lighting conditions without any equipment, but the one universally needed accessory taking for sharp macro images in a good tripod.
Camera stability and precise focusing are critical components of getting sharp photographs. I dedicated an entire post on this subject. You can read more about how to choose the best tripod for outdoor macro photography here.
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