Have you made any photo mistakes? I feel your pain.
I confess that I've taken my share of bad photos. In fact, I'd bet you I've made more photography mistakes than you have.
Heck, I could write a book on all the photography mistakes I've made. No worries, help is on the way!
This article will help you cut down on the photography mistakes you make and turn your photos into spectacular works of art. Okay, maybe I am exaggerating, but avoiding and fixing mistakes will definitely give you much better photos.
Here is a list of the most common photo mistakes people make. Below this list you will find detailed tips on how to avoid or fix each of these photography blunders.
Blurry pictures and bad photo compositions are two of the biggest reasons why you are going to see a bunch of examples of bad photography.
Blurry Photos can occur from three main causes.
Other times it's severe blur like the Alaska photo below. This is very common mistake amateur photographers make with photos.
We can learn a lot from each others' mistakes. You can share any mistake you've made while taking a photo and we all can learn from it.
There are a few ways to combat blurry pictures caused by camera or subject movement.
A fast shutter speed will stop blurry photos from occurring whether it's from camera movement or from the subject moving during the exposure. If you raise your camera's ISO setting, you can use a faster shutter speed to decrease motion blur.
Try using a tripod or a monopod to stabilize your camera. Steadying the camera by bracing it against a stationary object will also help blurriness caused by movement. If this is a big problem for you, get detailed help by going to an article titled avoid blurry pictures.
Monopods are probably one of the most useful yet under-used pieces of photography equipment. You can avoid some of the blurry photo mistakes if you learn how to use a monopod.
Understanding how a camera's auto focus works will prevent blurry photos caused by focusing problems. Most auto focusing cameras use the center of the viewfinder to set the focus. Sometimes this is the wrong thing to do.
In the first photo above, the blue oval shows the area used to focus with a center-weighted focusing system. Photo 2 shows that the camera focused too far in the background because none of the the bears were included in the center focusing area.
In Photo 3, I aimed the focusing area at one of the bears first, pressed the shutter button halfway and then recomposed the picture before pressing the shutter button the rest of the way down. This "locked" the focus on my subject and resulted in a sharp, focused photo.
The third blurriness problem occurs when you have dirt, condensation or a smudge on your camera lens. Keep special lens tissue handy and use it carefully. Your picture quality depends on the quality and condition of the lens. The light has to travel through your lens to get to the camera sensor.If you are shooting in cold weather, keep your camera warm.
A cold camera coming into warm moist air will cause lens fogging. Blowing your hot breath on the camera lens can fog it up to. This was actually a technique in the olden days for creating a soft focus effect intentionally. Now if you want to soften the focus just a bit, you can do it when you do your photo editing afterwards.
Here is a good example of bad photo composition. Huh? You can fall into this trap when you see something you want to photograph, aim, and quickly shoot, without taking just a second to think about your framing. I set my coffee mug on my workbench in my office.
The first photo I took, the one on the left, is not composed as well as the photo on the right. It has wasted space, a distracting highlight from the sun, and is oriented wrong.
Simply by habit and without thinking, many photographers typically shoot pictures while holding their camera in a horizontal position. For this subject, this is Photo Mistake #1. This subject looks better composed as a vertical (portrait orientation), rather than a horizontal (landscape orientation).
Another common mistake is not to fill your frame with your subject. The photograph on the right is a much better picture. The mug is vertical and the vertical format looks much better.
Zooming in closer also eliminates the distracting sunlight on the table and eliminated the excessive space around the mug. Here's a related article on Photography Composition.
This is photo mistake #3.
This may be the most frequent photography mistake of all. Usually this is best handled by moving the camera or moving your subject to a different spot. In this photo of "Mocha", you can barely see her head. Her dark fur blends right in with the dark area of the fish pond.
There is poor visual separation of her head from the dark background of the fishpond.
In addition to that mistake, the green plastic and the wooden boxes, behind her on the left, are also very distracting in the background.
Learn how to look through your camera's viewfinder and observe the background in addition to just framing in your subject properly. Then, it's simply making an adjustment of in position of your camera or your subject.
Look how much better this photo of Mocha looks than the one up above. Same dog. Same backyard, just a different background and better lighting. Choose an angle so that our subject stands out against the background.
Your subject can separate from your background because a difference in color, a difference in the lighting, or a difference in the sharpness. Mocha is visually separated from the background because of the difference in color AND the narrow depth of field (the range of things in sharp focus).
Have you ever taken a photo of your friend and gotten that annoying and scary looking red-eye reflection?Red-Eye Reflections is very common with point and shoot cameras, but also can easily happen with your DSLR camera and it's pop-up flash.
Red eye is caused by the reflection of light off the back surface of the eyeball. When it's dark, our pupils are dilated. This allows more light to enter the eye and reflect back out of the eye. This is a problem when the light is provided by the camera's flash. It reflects directly back to the camera at the same angle and appears red.
The blue line in the diagram below shows the light made by the camera's flash traveling to the subject. The red line is the reddish reflection from the eye heading back to the camera's sensor.
How to get rid of Red Eye Reflections
This mistake is made when you don't understand what each camera setting does. Many people take the easiest route and choose Auto or Program. This is okay if you want to be like everyone else and auto settings do work well most of the time. Unfortunately, you need to use different settings occasionally to avoid exposure mistakes.
If you want to take better digital photos, then learn what the camera settings do. Reading the your specific camera instructions before you start shooting is the smart thing to do. It's the best photo tip I can give you. For a simple cheat sheet to understand when to use each one try: Digital Camera Settings.
Even professional photographers are guilty of making mistakes when taking pictures. I know I have made many. If you want to know what my worst camera mistakes have been, click here: My Photography Mistakes
Pixelation is now a real word and it does describe a typical photo mistake that we all can make. Pixelation occurs when you try to print a big picture from a small file. Whether it's from starting with a tiny file or because of cropping too much, it results in a lack of sharpness or, in extreme situations, you actually see the individual pixels in the image.
This Alaskan bear was far off in the distance when I aimed my 400mm lens at him. I cropped very tightly using Photoshop and the resulting photo suffered. There just aren't enough pixels left to keep the image sharp.
You can see the individual pixel squares in the example below. They show up when you use extreme cropping.
You should never, ever use anything but the highest quality setting on your camera.
You can always reduce the size of a photo when you are doing your editing. If you use a reduced quality setting on your camera, you are ruining what may be a great photo for enlarging later.
The photo on the right of my model shows a lower quality setting. I resized it to have the same dimensions of the high quality photo on the left. Clearly a mistake to use a low quality setting. Avoid digital zooming. Digital zooming in the camera means you're only using a smaller part of your camera's sensor. Digital Zooming vs Optical Zooming.
The most common photo mistake involving exposure is usually underexposed images. The small built in flash units that come with point and shoot cameras are not very powerful.
Depending on the wimpy, under-powered, built-in, camera flashes to get a good exposure can be a mistake. If you have a DSLR, using an external flash makes a huge difference. Or you can use other camera accessories, like good Photography Lighting Equipment will make sure you avoid underexposure.
In the under-exposed image below, the camera's auto-exposure mode was fooled by the very bright sky light and under-exposed the inside of the conservatory.
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Watch Less TV. Shoot More Photos!
Speaking of common photo mistakes, I've failed plenty of times too. This was the first attempt at making a simplified infographic about the common mistakes we make with our photography.
I didn't like this one at all. I think the second one, was a bit better. What do you think?